Internet usage in India - Statistics & Facts

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Internet in India
It depends on where you are. It received condemnation from various politicians and Indian Internet users. Statistics reveal individual Indians are more inclined towards wireless, fixed wireless and mobile broadband Internet compared to traditional wire-line connections. However, while personal user accounts may vary, Reddit users seem to prefer Act Fibernet over YOU Broadband in terms of consistency of speed, up time, and user support. Telecommunications in India began with the introduction of the telegraph. Hi Utkarsh, Reliance might be a good option for you. Retrieved 17 November

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Telecommunications in India

For long distance calls, the area code prefixed with a zero is dialled first which is then followed by the number i. For international calls, "00" must be dialled first followed by the country code , area code and local phone number. The country code for India is Due to the rapid growth of the cellular phone industry in India, landlines are facing stiff competition from cellular operators, with number of wireline subscribers fell from This has forced land-line service providers to become more efficient and improve their quality of service.

As of December , India has over 23 million wireline customers. With a subscriber base of more than 1, The country is divided into multiple zones, called circles roughly along state boundaries. Government and several private players run local and long distance telephone services.

Competition, especially after entry of Reliance Jio, has caused prices to drop across India, which are already one of the cheapest in the world. In September , the number of mobile phone connections crossed the number of fixed-line connections and presently dwarfs the wireline segment substantially. The mobile subscriber base has grown from 5 million subscribers in to over 1, There are many smaller players, with operations in only a few states.

International roaming agreements exist between most operators and many foreign carriers. The government allowed Mobile number portability MNP which enables mobile telephone users to retain their mobile telephone numbers when changing from one mobile network operator to another.

As of , India has deployed telecom operations in a total of 8 radio frequency bands. This bottleneck was removed in when the government auctioned 3G spectrum followed by an equally high-profile auction of 4G spectrum that set the scene for a competitive and invigorated wireless broadband market.

One of the major issues facing the Internet segment in India is the lower average bandwidth of broadband connections compared to that of developed countries. In order to attend this infrastructure issue the government declared as "the year of broadband". In February , the average broadband speed of fixed line connection in India was The consultation paper was criticised for being one sided and having confusing statements.

It was condemned by various politicians and internet users. The TRAI on 8 February , notified the Prohibition of Discriminatory Tariffs for Data Services Regulations, which barred telecom service providers from charging differential rates for data services. The Regulation, [74] stipulates that:. Television broadcasting began in India in by Doordarshan , a state run medium of communication, and had slow expansion for more than two decades.

However, still, only the government owned Doordarshan has the licence for terrestrial television broadcast. Private companies reach the public using satellite channels; both cable television as well as DTH has obtained a wide subscriber base in India.

In , India had about million TV homes of which million has access to cable and satellite services. Following the economic reforms in the s, satellite television channels from around the world— BBC , CNN , CNBC , and other private television channels gained a foothold in the country. The growth in the number of satellite channels was triggered by corporate business houses such as Star TV group and Zee TV. Initially restricted to music and entertainment channels, viewership grew, giving rise to several channels in regional languages , especially Hindi.

In the late s, many current affairs and news channels sprouted, becoming immensely popular because of the alternative viewpoint they offered compared to Doordarshan.

Over the years, Doordarshan services also have grown from a single national channel to six national and eleven regional channels. Nonetheless, it has lost the leadership in market, though it underwent many phases of modernisation in order to contain tough competition from private channels.

Today, television is the most penetrative media in India with industry estimates indicating that there are over million TV consumers, million with satellite connections, compared to other forms of mass media such as radio or internet. On 16 November , the Government of India released the community radio policy which allowed agricultural centres, educational institutions and civil society organisations to apply for community based FM broadcasting licence.

The licence is valid for five years and one organisation can only get one licence, which is non-transferable and to be used for community development purposes. As of March , there are private FM radio stations in India.

AIR originates programming in twenty three languages and one hundred and seventy nine dialects. However, with decreasing ARPU and increasing demand for VAS has become a compelling reason for the service providers to think of the convergence of these parallel networks into a single core network with service layers separated from network layer.

A next-generation network NGN is a packet -based network which can provide services including Telecommunication Services and able to make use of multiple broadband, quality of Service -enabled transport technologies and in which service-related functions are independent from underlying transport-related technologies. It offers unrestricted access by users to different service providers. It supports generalised mobility which will allow consistent and ubiquitous provision of services to users.

User terminals such as mobile phones, personal digital assistants PDAs and computers can register directly on NGN-core, even when they are roaming in another network or country. Other phone systems like plain old telephone service and non-compatible VoIP systems, are supported through gateways. With the deployment of the NGN, users may subscribe to many simultaneous access-providers providing telephony, internet or entertainment services. This may provide end-users with virtually unlimited options to choose between service providers for these services in NGN environment.

The hyper-competition in telecom market, which was effectively caused by the introduction of Universal Access Service UAS licence in became much tougher after 3G and 4G competitive auction. About , route-kilometer ,mile of optical fibres has been laid in India by the major operators, including in the financially nonviable rural areas and the process continues.

Telecom operators found the NGN model advantageous, but huge investment requirements have prompted them to adopt a multi-phase migration and they have already started the migration process to NGN with the implementation of IP-based core-network. The tool measured seven dimensions: The results for India, point out to the fact that the stakeholders perceive the TRE to be most conducive for the mobile sector followed by fixed and then broadband. Other than for Access to ScarceResources the fixed sector lags behind the mobile sector.

The fixed and mobile sectors have the highest scores for Tariff Regulation. Market entry also scores well for the mobile sector as competition is well entrenched with most of the circles with 4—5 mobile service providers. The broadband sector has the lowest score in the aggregate. The low penetration of broadband of mere 3. In the home ministry stated that legislation must ensure that law enforcement agencies are empowered to intercept communications.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about communications in India. For a more general coverage of media in India, see Media of India. Market share of mobile network operators as on 31 May [2].

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